Carbon Negative Water Solutions, LLC

Freshwater <=> Clean Energy

Media and Publications
(814) 574-2649

News and Editorial

An article in the Orange Juice Blog (news outlet for Orange County, California) summarizing how the salt from ocean desalination can be used to lock up (sequester) carbon dioxide from a property-sharing, natural gas, power plant.

Executive summary version:
OC can do Desal better: Use salt to lock up CO2 emissions.

Long form version:
Poseidon and AES: Don’t dump your daily 175 railroad hopper cars of salt into the ocean. Use it to lock up your daily 120 railroad hopper cars of CO2 emissions.


The Shadows We Leave
  A film by Kody Genovia featuring Dr. Hoaglund's work on perchlorate in groundwater! 

The related publication:


Entropy Happens:  An energy blueprint toward sustainability

This is an online version of the book ( ISBN:  978-1-4583-4698-8 )


Sturchio, N.C., J.R Hoaglund, III, R.J. Marroquin, A.D. Beloso, Jr., L.J. Heraty, S.E. Bortz, and T.L. Patterson,  2012.  Isotopic Mapping of Groundwater Perchlorate Plumes [
San Bernardino Basin, California].  Ground Water, Vol. 50, No. 1, p. 94–102.  [ online at Ground Water ]

Hoaglund, John R., Entropy Happens.  March 11, 2011.  ISBN 978-1-4583-4698-8
available in ebook format and

, J.R., J.J. Kolak, D.T. Long, and G. J Larson, 2004.  Analysis of modern and Pleistocene hydrologic exchange between Saginaw Bay (Lake Huron) and the Saginaw Lowlands Area.  Geological Society of America Bulletin.  v 116,  n 1, p. 3-15. [ online at GSA ]

, J.R. and D. Pollard, 2003.  Dip and anisotropy effects on flow using a vertically skewed model grid. Ground Water, vol. 41, no. 6, p. 841 846.
[ online at Ground Water ]

Hoaglund, J.R., C. Hochgraf, and T. Bohn, 2003.  The hydrogen effluent.  Ground Water v 41, n 4.  p. 404-405.  [ online at Ground Water ]

, J.R., G.C. Huffmann, and N.G.Grannemann, 2002.  Michigan Basin regional ground-water flow, discharge to three Great Lakes.  Ground Water v 40, n 4.  p. 390-405. [ online at Ground Water ].

, J.R., G.C. Huffman, and N. J. Granneman, 2002.  Simulation of ground water flow in the Glaciofluvial, Saginaw, Parma-Bayport, and Marshall Aquifers, Central Lower Peninsula of Michigan.  U.S.G.S Open File Report 00-504.
[ pdf file:  ]
[ official govt citation: ]
[ research page at University of Michigan with related figures: ]
[ archive of files at University of Michigan: ]


Lectures on geology, environmental sustainability, and water resources

In cooperation with the Ring of Fire Studio the following presentations and courses are available for students and the general public.

1)  Entropy Happens:  An energy blueprint toward sustainability
  • A series of lectures based on the book

2)  20 calculations that liberated humanity using high school math

3)  It's out of the noise:  An overview of the geologic history of climate change and its discoverers

4)  What's in my water and where's it from?  An example from Orange County

5)  Environmental forensics using Isotopes:  An example tracking perchlorate sources in groundwater
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